IDENTITY AND SECURITY BUZAN AND THE COPENHAGEN SCHOOL PDF

His book and the revisions of the second edition have been the stimulus for further exploration of the security problem at the Centre for Peace and Conflict Research in Copenhagen. The revision of security studies, which Buzan announced in , has taken a new turn with a recent publication by the Copenhagen school. With Buzan as a principal contributor, the new thinking is set out in the recent publication of Waever et al. To avoid confusion due to common authorship, the authors of this book will be referred to in the text as Waever et al. Another factor that will contribute to its appeal and influence is its focus on societal identity as the core value vulnerable to threats and in need of security. Identity had been a fashionable preoccupation of social scientists for many decades prior to its emergence in the media as the major cause of upheaval in central and eastern Europe and the source of resistance to integration in the European Union.

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His book and the revisions of the second edition have been the stimulus for further exploration of the security problem at the Centre for Peace and Conflict Research in Copenhagen. The revision of security studies, which Buzan announced in , has taken a new turn with a recent publication by the Copenhagen school. With Buzan as a principal contributor, the new thinking is set out in the recent publication of Waever et al.

To avoid confusion due to common authorship, the authors of this book will be referred to in the text as Waever et al. Another factor that will contribute to its appeal and influence is its focus on societal identity as the core value vulnerable to threats and in need of security. Identity had been a fashionable preoccupation of social scientists for many decades prior to its emergence in the media as the major cause of upheaval in central and eastern Europe and the source of resistance to integration in the European Union.

Waever et al. Identity is a good thing, with a human face and ephemeral character which make it at once appealing and difficult to grasp. From the pens of scholars who aim to situate their work in the neorealist tradition, it betokens a break with the image of that hard-bitten class which formerly consigned identity to the category of soft concepts suitable for novelists and sociologists.

The analysis of collective identity can be approached from a deconstructionist, sociological angle, which focuses on the processes and practices by which people and groups construct their self-image. Or it can be approached from the more common objectivist viewpoint, similar to that adopted in respect of the state in Buzan The discussion setting out their basic approach is obscured by uneven and sometimes slippery language, suggesting some doubts as to the force of their argument and the degree of continuity of approach with Buzan There are passages that suggest the deconstructionist agenda, but these are radically at odds with the bulk of the work which remains firmly objectivist, indeed realist.

Finally, an assessment will be made of the continuity of Waever et al. Society and societal security The societal dimension which was subordinated to the state in People, States and Fear, is retained by Waever et al. It is the security of society, as distinct from that of the state, and in interaction with it, which focuses attention throughout.

Such a definition leaves as an open question the extent to which individuals in fact share a common culture.

It is an objectivist, Durkheimian conception, as they acknowledge. In fact, throughout the book, their concept of society loses all touch with fluidity and process, resulting in a near-positivist conception of identity. The key to society is that set of ideas and practices that identify individuals as members of a social group. Society is about identity, about the self conception of communities and of individuals identifying themselves as members of a community.

The question which poses itself in relation to the state-centric approach of People, States and Fear arises with renewed force in the new formulation of the problem: Who speaks for society?

Referring to the legitimacy of societal security claims, they acknowledge: Anyone can speak on behalf of society, claiming that a security problem has appeared. When should this be taken seriously?

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Securitization Theory and the Copenhagen School

Overview[ edit ] The end of the Cold War prompted scholars to rethink the paradigm of security independently from the state and the military. The new order called for a re conceptualisation of Europe and European security, which challenged classic understandings of security, as something that took place between states. The move towards an EU security was, thus, closely articulated around questions of EU identity, free movement of people and borders. The concept of societal security, developed by scholars associated with the Copenhagen Peace Research Institute , is situated within this context. It regards security as an "independent phenomenon": thus, societal security is neither a threat nor an opportunity; it is a center and base, upon which the reliability and certainty of collective life could be constructed. It views security as "social phenomenon", which does not need military weapons and soft power solutions. In other words, societal security does not integrate with power and remain by converting links to social capitals.

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Copenhagen School (international relations)

John Heathershaw Date written: Modern constructivism Post-modern constructivism Feminist constructivism. University of California Press, Springp. Buzan and the Copenhagen Ahd. Liberalism Idealism Democratic peace theory Republican liberalism Institutionalism Neoliberalism Interdependence liberalism Sociological liberalism Institutional liberalism. Identity groups securitise threats to their survival, and respond as best they can to nullify that security threat, whether by military, cultural or political means. Security is thus needed to defend identity — the two concepts are deeply intertwined, and Maronite security cannot be explained without taking into account the subjective role of Maronite identity.

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