ATRIAL FIBRILASYON PDF

Managing heart rate If the heart rate is high, bringing it down is important to avoid heart failure and reduce the symptoms of A-fib. Several medications can help by slowing conduction of the signals that tell the heart to beat. These include: beta-blockers , such as propranolol, timolol, and atenolol calcium-channel blockers, such as diltiazem and verapamil digoxin Normalizing heart rhythm Instead of putting a person on blood thinners and heart rate-controlling medicine, doctors may try to return the heart rhythm to normal using medication. This is called chemical or pharmacologic cardioversion.

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In lone atrial fibrillation, the cause is often unclear, and serious complications are rare. Atrial flutter Atrial flutter is similar to atrial fibrillation, but the rhythm in your atria is more organized and less chaotic than the abnormal patterns common with atrial fibrillation. Sometimes you may have atrial flutter that develops into atrial fibrillation and vice versa. The risk factors for and the symptoms and causes of atrial flutter are similar to those of atrial fibrillation.

For example, strokes are also a concern in someone with atrial flutter. Risk factors Certain factors may increase your risk of developing atrial fibrillation. These include: Age. The older you are, the greater your risk of developing atrial fibrillation.

Heart disease. Anyone with heart disease — such as heart valve problems, congenital heart disease, congestive heart failure, coronary artery disease, or a history of heart attack or heart surgery — has an increased risk of atrial fibrillation. High blood pressure. Other chronic conditions. People with certain chronic conditions such as thyroid problems, sleep apnea, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, chronic kidney disease or lung disease have an increased risk of atrial fibrillation.

Drinking alcohol. For some people, drinking alcohol can trigger an episode of atrial fibrillation. Binge drinking may put you at an even higher risk. People who are obese are at higher risk of developing atrial fibrillation.

Family history. An increased risk of atrial fibrillation is present in some families. Complications Sometimes atrial fibrillation can lead to the following complications: Stroke. If a blood clot forms, it could dislodge from your heart and travel to your brain. There it might block blood flow, causing a stroke.

The risk of a stroke in atrial fibrillation depends on your age you have a higher risk as you age and on whether you have high blood pressure, diabetes, a history of heart failure or a previous stroke, and other factors.

Certain medications, such as blood thinners, can greatly lower your risk of a stroke or the damage to other organs caused by blood clots. Heart failure. A healthy lifestyle may include: Eating a heart-healthy diet.

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Atriyal fibrilasyon nedir? Nasıl bir hastalıktır?

How should I follow-up a person with atrial fibrillation? Follow-up after starting rate-control treatment Within 1 week of starting rate-control treatment or any dose alteration , check that the person is tolerating the drug, and review symptoms such as palpitations, breathlessness, and fatigue , heart rate, and blood pressure. In clinical practice, the target heart rate during exercise may need to be adjusted depending on the level of exercise the person can manage. If they are taking the maximum drug dose, consider combination treatment with any two of the following drugs: a beta-blocker, digoxin, or diltiazem off-label use.

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Atrial fibrillation

In lone atrial fibrillation, the cause is often unclear, and serious complications are rare. Atrial flutter Atrial flutter is similar to atrial fibrillation, but the rhythm in your atria is more organized and less chaotic than the abnormal patterns common with atrial fibrillation. Sometimes you may have atrial flutter that develops into atrial fibrillation and vice versa. The risk factors for and the symptoms and causes of atrial flutter are similar to those of atrial fibrillation. For example, strokes are also a concern in someone with atrial flutter. Risk factors Certain factors may increase your risk of developing atrial fibrillation.

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What is atrial fibrillation?

Normal rhythm tracing top Atrial fibrillation bottom How a stroke can occur during atrial fibrillation AF is usually accompanied by symptoms related to a rapid heart rate. Other possible symptoms include congestive heart failure symptoms such as fatigue, shortness of breath , or swelling. The abnormal heart rhythm arrhythmia is sometimes only identified with the onset of a stroke or a transient ischemic attack TIA. It is not uncommon for a person to first become aware of AF from a routine physical examination or ECG , as it often does not cause symptoms.

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