In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. The heartwood, known as camwood or barwood, contains santalin, used as a cotton dye. Baphia nitida The wood is extremely hard, heavy and durable, close-grained and of fine texture. Anti-nutritive and toxic factors in trees and shrubs used as browse. We are currently updating this section.

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Edible portion: Seeds. The seeds are edible[ ]. Medicinal Uses Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants.

Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally. Camwood has long been used in traditional African medicine. Modern research has shown that several medically active compounds are present in the leaves, including saponins, flavonoid glycosides and true tannins[ ].

An ointment made from the leaves has showed anti-inflammatory activity, supported the external use in traditional medicine. Extracts of fresh leaves inhibited digestion, showed antidiarrhoeal effects and also demonstrated analgesic activity[ ]. An infusion of the leaves is drunk to cure enteritis and other gastrointestinal problems[ ].

The powdered leaves are taken with palm wine or food to cure venereal diseases[ ]. Combined with Senna occidentalis, it is drunk against asthma; in combination with the leaves of Morinda lucida it is a treatment against female sterility and painful menstruation[ ].

A decoction of the leaves is taken against jaundice and diabetes[ ]. The leaves have also been used as an enema to treat constipation[ ].

The leaves or leaf juice are used externally against parasitic skin diseases[ ]. Combined with Cissus quadrangularis, it is used to treat bone fractures[ ]. Both leaves and bark are considered haemostatic and anti-inflammatory, and are used for healing sores and wounds[ ].

A bark decoction is drunk to cure epilepsy and cardiac pain[ ]. The powdered heartwood is made into an ointment with shea butter Vitellaria paradoxa and is applied to stiff and swollen joints, sprains and rheumatic complaints[ ].

Finely ground root bark, mixed with honey, is taken against asthma[ ]. The pounded dried root, mixed with water and oil, is applied to a ringworm-like fungus attacking the feet[ ]. Our new book Edible Shrubs is now available. Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil.

Agroforestry Uses: The plant responds well to trimming and is grown as a hedge and fence[ ]. Other Uses The heartwood and roots yield a red dye that is used to dye raffia and cotton textiles[ ]. It was exported on a large scale to Europe from the 17th century and to North America from the 18th century as one of the main? In small quantities, it was an ingredient of recipes for bronze-green colours and was used as ground dye followed by a logwood Haematoxylum campechianum dye bath[ ].

It was used for dark grey and black colours in the wool-cloth industry until the beginning of the 20th century. It was a major source of bright to dark red colours in the big European cotton-printing industries, e.

In West Africa, powdered heartwood is a familiar red body paint that is considered to have magic powers[ ]. A paste of the heartwood is much used as a cosmetic for the skin[ ]. By soaking the dried and ground roots in water a red liquid is obtained, which is used for painting furniture[ ]. In southern Benin and south-western Nigeria, Yoruba ceremonial masks are painted dark red with a decoction of the wood[ ].

In Nigeria, Tiv people colour the inside of a gourd prepared as a beehive with the red dye to attract a swarm to settle there and Yoruba honey-hunters rub their body with the dye paste to prevent bee-stings[ ]. The dye is found in the heartwood, which often is of small size. The dye is soluble in alkali and alcohol, much less so in water[ ]. In the Colour Index the number of the dye is and it is classified as Natural Red 22, together with other redwoods[ ]. The twigs are used as chewing sticks[ ].

When freshly cut the sapwood is yellowish white, emitting an unpleasant smell, scarcely darkening when dry. The heartwood is pale brown when fresh, turning rapidly to dark red or orange upon exposure. The wood is extremely hard, heavy and durable, close-grained and of fine texture. It carves and turns well and planes smoothly. The wood is used for house posts, rafters, naves of wheels and utensils such as walking sticks, mortars, pestles, tool-handles and farm implements.

It was formerly exported to Europe for turnery and cabinetry. Special Uses Cultivation details A plant of the moister lowland tropics, where it is found at elevations up to metres[ ]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 1, - 2,mm, but tolerates 1, - 4,mm[ ]. Prefers a position in full sun, tolerating light shade[ ]. Prefers a fertile, medium-textured soil[ ]. Prefers a pH in the range 5 - 5.

This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[ ]. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs.


Baphia nitida

Bois de cam, bois rouge Fr. Origin and geographic distribution Baphia nitida occurs wild from Senegal to Gabon. It is often cultivated near villages, formerly as a dyewood especially in Sierra Leone and Liberia, now more often as an ornamental shade tree or as fence and hedge. Uses The heartwood camwood and roots of Baphia nitida yield a red dye that was used locally until recently to dye raffia and cotton textiles. In small quantities, it was an ingredient of recipes for bronze-green colours and was used as ground dye followed by a logwood Haematoxylum campechianum L.





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