Buikstra, Douglas Ubelaker eds. Arkansas Archaeological Survey Press, Fayetteville, Jane E. In Tombs for the Ancestors, T. Dillehay , ed. Reed, eds.

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Edited by Jane E. Buikstra and Douglas H. To say that production of a set of standards book. The recommendations were developed and written by a committee. This is both the strength and weakness of this book. The committee provided a true breadth of per- spectives. At the same time, there are loose ends reflecting the diverse individual ap- proaches. The editors had the massive task for osteological data is a n ambitious objec- of converting the various reports into a cohe- tive is a t best a n understatement.

The tech- sive document. It is not surprising years. Although a number of textbooks exist that there are problems. I n large part these for human osteology, they focus on basic bone appear to relate to the difficulty of turning the identification and not on advanced analysis. Although the book does represent the collection often are specific to a particular consensus of the committee, that does not technique.

Nowhere is there a source which mean that all aspects of the recommenda- covers the breadth of analytical methods and tions reflect complete agreement among the their data requirements. The result is t h a t there zyxwvut Building on a n initiative from the Paleo- are some inconsistencies produced when the pathology Association Rose et al.

It is to be the Field Museum of Natural History, expected that this book will continue t o be re- with support from the National Science fined over the years. Despite havingjust been Foundation, sponsored a workshop designed released, a second printing is in progress a t to develop a set of standards for the collection the time of this review. This reprinting will of osteological data from human remains.

Additionally, a varied subspecialties and representing a second edition is already being planned. This book is the product of needed resource. Whether the recommenda- that session. I n this laboratory setting duction for students who have been trained it was obvious that the standards for observa- in bone identification but are not yet experi- zyxwvu tion and data coding were largely specific to enced researchers. The forms and coding a given academic program. This diversity in standards in this book provide important the raw data being generated by osteologists guidelines to help students make the transi- poses serious problems for comparative anal- tion from the classroom to the laboratory.

We are left to wonder about the compara- Standards is a significant addition to the bility of research results when the underlying osteological literature. It is a n essential ref- data are so highly variable in form. Standards attempts to bridge these gaps Its further development through future in the literature and in the laboratory by printings and editions promises to continue to strengthen this work and to keep the rec- zyxw recommending a basic suite of observations to be recorded along with explicit criteria ommendations current a s new techniques of for each observation.

The book begins with analysis emerge. Detroit: Paleopa- tion for diverse specialized analyses are pre- thology Association sented.


Jane E. Buikstra

Buikstra and Douglas H. Aftandilian, J. Buikstra, M. Finnegan, J. Haas, D.


But first what is an epiphysis? An epiphysis is the cap at the end of a long bone that develops from a secondary ossification center. Over the course of adolescence the epiphysis, which is originally separate, will fuse to the diaphysis. Diagram showing where the epiphysis is found.

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