Buffalo gourd, close up photo, Albuquerque, New Mexico. Related Research Articles Gourds include the fruits of some flowering plant species in the family Cucurbitaceae, particularly Cucurbita and Lagenaria. The term refers to a number of species and subspecies, many with hard shells, and some without. One of the earliest domesticated types of plants, subspecies of the bottle gourd, Lagenaria siceraria, have been discovered in archaeological sites dating from as early as 13, BC. Gourds have had numerous uses throughout history, including as tools, musical instruments, objects of art, film, and food.
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Cucurbita female flower with pollinating squash bees All species of Cucurbita have 20 pairs of chromosomes. Competitively grown specimens are therefore often hand-pollinated to maximize the number of seeds in the fruit, which increases the fruit size; this pollination requires skilled technique. When a plant already has a fruit developing, subsequent female flowers on the plant are less likely to mature, a phenomenon called "first-fruit dominance",  and male flowers are more frequent, an effect that appears due to reduced natural ethylene production within the plant stem.
The development of female flowers is not yet understood. Seeds planted deeper than In a seed batch with 90 percent germination rate, over 90 percent of the plants had sprouted after 29 days from planting. These effects vary significantly between the different species of Cucurbita.
A type of stored phosphorus called phytate forms in seed tissues as spherical crystalline intrusions in protein bodies called globoids. Along with other nutrients, phytate is used completely during seedling growth.
Centers of domestication stretch from the Mississippi River watershed and Texas down through Mexico and Central America to northern and western South America. Four of them, C. The domesticated forms of C. He suggested that the crookneck, ornamental gourd, and scallop are early variants and that the acorn is a cross between the scallop and the pumpkin.
The wild form C. The origin of C. It does not hybridize well with the other cultivated species as it has significantly different enzymes and chromosomes. The plants are sensitive to frost , and they prefer both bright sunlight and soil with a pH of 6. Varieties were in use by native peoples of the United States by the 16th century. This species is closely related to C. A variety known as the Seminole Pumpkin has been cultivated in Florida since before the arrival of Columbus.
It is known to have appeared in Missouri , United States, at least 4, years ago. All the subspecies, varieties, and cultivars are interfertile.
Origin: United States Pot Size: 3. Note: This plant is not currently for sale. This is an archive page preserved for informational use. Click to learn all about the genus Cucurbita and to shop. Click Add to Wishlist to receive an email if this plant is back in stock.
Büffelkürbis - Prärie-Kürbis Samen (Cucurbita Foetidissima)
Bailey Filov C. Habitat Preference: C. Geographic Distribution in Michigan: The stinking gourd is not native to Michigan and has only been found in Berrien county Known Elevational Distribution: C.