DOM AUGUSTIN CALMET PDF

He was educated at the Benedictine priory of Breuil, and in joined the same order in the Abbey of St-Mansuy at Toul, where he was admitted to profession 23 Oct. After his ordination, 17 March, , he was appointed to teach philosophy and theology at the Abbey of Moyen-Moutier. To satisfy the demand for the work a second edition in twenty-six volumes quarto was issued , and a third, enlarged, edition in nine volumes folio Vecelli appeared at Venice and Frankfort , six volumes folio. This shows how much the commentary was esteemed.

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My qualifications for this task are minimal but, I think, sufficient. First, I know a little about Calmet, which is, sadly, more than many can say. He is an unfairly overlooked figure in our religious and cultural landscape. For the time being, I am glad of the challenge, and will likely turn this into the first of a series of short biographies of weird religious figures.

Dom Calmet, born on the 26th of February, , in the then-Duchy of Bar now Lorraine, France had a long and impressive career. Entering religious life at the Benedictine Priory of Breuil, he moved around over the years to obtain his education at various abbeys. His itinerary reads like an honor roll of some of the finest establishments of the Franco-German monastic intelligentsia: St.

Mansuy, St. Yet the two monasteries most closely associated with his career are Senones Saint-Pierre and Vosges, where he eventually died a holy death. He achieved widespread scholarly respect for his work in three different fields. First, Calmet distinguished himself as an Exegete.

His Biblical method differed from more classical forms of exegesis by focusing entirely on the literal meaning of the text; this exposed him to criticism, even amidst the general acclaim which the book and its abridgements garnered. Title page of Book I of his most famous work on Vampires.

Second, he became an eminent author of sacred and profane history. While my own interest lies most heavily with his Histoire Universelle , Calmet also devoted considerable attention to more specific topics. It should come as no surprise, given the libraries to which he had access, that he devoted special care to the region which bore him. These texts were, to the best of my knowledge, the first attempt to apply scientific rigor to the tales of the undead then current throughout Europe.

The books were a huge hit, and remain widely respected by occult writers today. To quote one source : Re-released in , with the most complete edition in , this book is considered to be [the] authoritative treatment on the subject, containing an unprecedented collection of ghostly stories of revenants.

It was a best seller for the period, quickly translated into German and Italian for a broader audience. Still, this is widely regarded as the starting point of all vampiric literature.

The work garnered critical attention from no less a figure than Voltaire. As that eminent source, Wikipedia , relates, Voltaire wrote of Calmet with no small astonishment: What!

It is in our 18th century that there have been vampires! It is perhaps unusual that a monk who was, by all accounts, part of the same intellectual circles as the Maurist Enlighteners and the Philosophes would take to such a strange subject. Calmet certainly saw himself as partaking of that wider project. He writes in his preface to the Treatise , My goal is not at all to foment superstition, nor to maintain the vain curiosity of Visionaries, and of those who believe without examination all that one tells them, as soon as they find therein the marvelous and the supernatural.

Calmet ii. After all, the religious history of Europe is peppered with eccentric and erudite men drawn to esoteric studies. And by the time that Dom Calmet died in , the French monastics had not yet reached the height of their oddity. That would come later, with the well-traveled and thoroughly bizarre Swedenborgian and Martinist monk Antoine-Joseph Pernety , whom I hope to someday investigate more thoroughly.

The Revolution changed all that. No longer could monks live their lives freely, let alone attempt serious academic inquiry. Senones Abbey today. The monastery was dissolved by Revolutionary forces in , then later sold off as State Property and converted into a textile mill. This desecration continued until , when what was left of the abbey became a Monument historique.

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The Vampirologist: Dom Augustin Calmet OSB

Celebrated exegetist; b. He was educated at the Benedictine priory of Breuil, and in joined the same order in the Abbey of St-Mansuy at Toul, where he was admitted to profession 23 Oct. After his ordination , 17 March, , he was appointed to teach philosophy and theology at the Abbey of Moyen-Moutier. To satisfy the demand for the work a second edition in twenty-six volumes quarto was issued , and a third, enlarged, edition in nine volumes folio Vecelli appeared at Venice and Frankfort , six volumes folio. This shows how much the commentary was esteemed. But while it was received with high praise, even by Protestants , critics were not wanting, among whom may be mentioned the Oratorian Richard Simon.

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Calmet, Dom Antoine Augustin (1672–1757)

He was educated at the Benedictine priory of Breuil, and in joined the same order in the Abbey of St-Mansuy at Toul, where he was admitted to profession 23 Oct. After his ordination, 17 March, , he was appointed to teach philosophy and theology at the Abbey of Moyen-Moutier. To satisfy the demand for the work a second edition in twenty-six volumes quarto was issued , and a third, enlarged, edition in nine volumes folio Vecelli appeared at Venice and Frankfort , six volumes folio. This shows how much the commentary was esteemed. But while it was received with high praise, even by Protestants, critics were not wanting, among whom may be mentioned the Oratorian Richard Simon. It cannot be denied that in spite of its merits and great erudition it is in some respects open to criticism.

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Dom Augustin Calmet

He studied at the Benedictine monastery at Breuil and entered the order in He was ordained to the priesthood in Calmet taught philosophy and theology at the abbey at Moyen-Moutier and during the early years of his career worked on a massive volume commentary of the Bible, which appeared between and His biblical writings established him as a leading scholar, and he spent many years trying to popularize the work of biblical exegesis in the church. The first volume of this work dealt with spirits and apparitions, but it was the second volume, on revenants and vampires, that stirred up controversy. Vampirism, for all practical purposes, did not exist in France and was largely unknown to the scholarly community there until the early eighteenth century.

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Catholic Encyclopedia (1913)/Dom Augustin Calmet

Muzilkree But while it was received with high praise, even by Protestants, critics were not wanting, among whom may be mentioned the Oratorian Richard Simon. The most valuable part of the commentary were the introductory prefaces to the several books and learned dissertations on special topics. Calmet was a pious religious as well as a learned man. Dom Calmet, born on the 26th of February,in the then-Duchy of Bar now Lorraine, France had a long and impressive career. It, too, was translated into Latin and the principal European languages.

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