Steger mentions The Peace of Westphalia in relation to political globalization. The Peace of Westphalia ended many religious wars between the main European powers after the Protestant Reformation. The Peace of Westphalia came in the form of the Westphalian model. The Westphalian model is a political development that led to the creation of modern nation-states. Based on the idea that all states had equality in self-determination, the Westphalian model reinforced a new perception of international law.
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Please try again later. Feeling its trunk, one blind man argued that the elephant was like a lively snake. However, a more nuanced understanding of the interactions between the local, national, regional, and global. This fleeting mode of social interaction changed dramatically about 10, years ago when humans took the crucial step of producing their own globalisagion. Globalization: A Very Short Introduction Hence, globalization sceptics insist on the continued relevance of conventional political units, operating either in the form of modern nation-states or global cities.
The same process of social stretching applies to less sinister associations such as non-governmental organizations, commercial enterprises, social clubs, and countless regional and global institutions and associations such as the United Nations, the European Union, the Association of South East Asian Nations, the Organization of African Unity, the Common Market of the South, Doctors Without Borders, Amnesty International, the Union of Concerned Scientists, the World Economic Forum, Microsoft, and General Motors, to name but a few.
Scholars not only hold different views with regard to proper definitions of globalization, they also disagree on its scale, causation, chronology, impact, trajectories, and policy outcomes. The ecological dimension of globalization 7. Customers who viewed this item also viewed. If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code. Even 1, years after the Silk Road first reached the Glbalisation peninsula, in 50 BCE, a truly multicultural group of Eurasian and African globetrotters — including the famous Moroccan merchant Ibn Battuta and his Venetian counterparts in the Marco Polo tseger — relied on this great Eurasian land route to reach the splendid imperial court of the Mongol Khans in Beijing.
I also want to express my deep appreciation to numerous readers, reviewers, and audiences around the world, who, over several years, made insightful comments in response to my public lectures and publications on the subject of globalization. Add the enormous impact of the Reformation and the related liberal political idea of limited government, and we have identified the main forces behind the qualitative leap that greatly intensified demographic, cultural, ecological, and economic flows between Europe, Africa, and the Americas.
Globalization: a contested concept — Very Short Introductions These pocket-sized sfeger are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Starting out as attempts to integrate regional economies, these regional blocs have, in some cases, already evolved into loose political federations with common institutions of governance.
It linked the Chinese and the Roman Empires, with Parthian traders serving as skilled intermediaries. As Roland Robertson notes in his definition, globalization processes also involve the subjective plane of human consciousness. See all reviews. A group of globalization sceptics disagrees, highlighting instead the central role of politics in unleashing the forces of globalization, especially through the successful mobilization of political power.
The Great Ideological Struggle of the 21st Century, 3rd ed. Steger — Google Books At the same time, however, the activities of global terrorist networks have revealed the inadequacy of conventional national security structures based on the modern nation-state system, thus forcing national governments to engage in new forms of international cooperation.
The economic dimension of globalization 4. In addition to arriving at a firm commitment to expand international trade, the participants of the conference also agreed to establish binding rules on international economic activities.
Amazon Second Chance Pass it on, trade it in, give it a second life. Sign in via your Institution. These three institutions enjoy the privileged globalisaiton of making and enforcing the rules of a global economy that is sustained by significant power differentials between the global North and South. Enormous waves of migration intensified existing cultural exchanges and transformed traditional social patterns.
But higher population density and more intense social interaction over greater distances also facilitated the spread of new infectious diseases like the bubonic plague. Ships from and sold by Amazon. Preface to the third edition List of abbreviations List of illustrations List of maps List of figures 1.
In practice, however, the terms of the programme spelled out a new form of colonialism. Globalization is commonly thought of as a new phenomenon, but contact between diverse individuals is not new.
After all, globalization is an uneven process, meaning that people living in various parts of the world are affected very differently by this gigantic transformation of social structures and cultural zones. For example, the engineers who developed laptop computers and supersonic jet planes stand on the shoulders of earlier innovators who created the steam engine, the cotton gin, the telegraph, the phonograph, the telephone, the typewriter, the internal-combustion engine, and electrical appliances.
Overall, an excellent introduction to the various facets of one of the most important issues of our time. Each of the blind scholars held firmly to his own idea of what constituted an elephant. Steger looks at its causes and effects, examines whether it is a new phenomenon, and explores the question of whether, ultimately, globalization is a good or a bad thing. For example, a sloppy conflation of process and condition encourages circular definitions that possess little explanatory power.
Dimensions of globalization
See also: Internet Cultural globalization is the intensification and expansion of cultural flows across the globe. See also: Anthropocene and Global issue Topics of ecological globalization include population growth, access to food, worldwide reduction in biodiversity, the gap between rich and poor as well as between the global North and global South, human-induced climate change, and global environmental degradation. Ideologies[ edit ] Globalization operates on a cross-cutting "ideological dimension" filled with a range of norms, claims, beliefs, and narratives about the phenomenon itself. According to Steger, there are three main types of globalisms ideologies that endow the concept of globalization with particular values and meanings : market globalism, justice globalism, and religious globalisms. Justice globalism constructs an alternative vision of globalization based on egalitarian ideals of global solidarity and distributive justice. Religious globalisms struggle against both market globalism and justice globalism as they seek to mobilize a religious values and beliefs that are thought to be under severe attack by the forces of secularism and consumerism.
Globalization: A Very Short Introduction
It is by its nature a dynamic topic. This Very Short Introduction has been fully updated for a fourth edition, to include recent developments in global politics, the global economy, and environmental issues. Presenting globalization as a multifaceted process encompassing global, regional, and local aspects of social life, Manfred B. Steger looks at its causes and effects, examines whether it is a new phenomenon, and explores the question of whether, ultimately, globalization is a good or a bad thing.
GLOBALISATION STEGER PDF
As Marx and Engels noted, however, the rise of the European bourgeoisie and the related intensification of global interconnections would not have been possible without the 19th- century explosion of science and technology. This Very Short Introduction has been fully updated for a fourth edition, to include recent developments in global politics, the global economy, and environmental issues. The brunt of my critique is directed at particular manifestations and tendencies of globalization that strike me as being at odds with the noble cosmopolitan vision of a more egalitarian and less violent global order. Powerful firms with subsidiaries in several countries, their numbers skyrocketed from 7, in to about 50, in I also want to express my deep appreciation to numerous readers, reviewers, and audiences around the world, who, over several years, made insightful comments in response to my public lectures and publications on the subject of globalization. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
Steger is part of a series published by Oxford University Press. Each book in the series gives a quick overview of a topic and addresses key issues that may relate to the topic. Globalization is a great jumping-off point for anyone who wants to dig deeper into the subject, but it is also a brilliant overview for anyone who is purely interested in learning more about the causes and effects of globalization. This book is a concise, uncomplicated and very readable explanation of a very important process in the world today. Steger does an excellent job of remaining objective when examining the positive and negative consequences of the globalization process and astutely evaluates its role in world development. While most writers on the subject focus on economic globalization, Steger acknowledges that the process is broken down into other key components, including historical, political, cultural, ecological, and ideological aspects — while keeping in mind its operation as an interacting whole.
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