HERNIES HIATALES PDF

Hiatal hernia Open pop-up dialog box Close Hiatal hernia Hiatal hernia A hiatal hernia occurs when the upper part of your stomach bulges through your diaphragm into your chest cavity. A hiatal hernia occurs when the upper part of your stomach bulges through the large muscle separating your abdomen and chest diaphragm. Your diaphragm has a small opening hiatus through which your food tube esophagus passes before connecting to your stomach. In a hiatal hernia, the stomach pushes up through that opening and into your chest. You may never know you have one unless your doctor discovers it when checking for another condition. But a large hiatal hernia can allow food and acid to back up into your esophagus, leading to heartburn.

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Hiatal hernia Open pop-up dialog box Close Hiatal hernia Hiatal hernia A hiatal hernia occurs when the upper part of your stomach bulges through your diaphragm into your chest cavity. A hiatal hernia occurs when the upper part of your stomach bulges through the large muscle separating your abdomen and chest diaphragm.

Your diaphragm has a small opening hiatus through which your food tube esophagus passes before connecting to your stomach. In a hiatal hernia, the stomach pushes up through that opening and into your chest.

You may never know you have one unless your doctor discovers it when checking for another condition. But a large hiatal hernia can allow food and acid to back up into your esophagus, leading to heartburn. Self-care measures or medications can usually relieve these symptoms. A very large hiatal hernia might require surgery. Symptoms Most small hiatal hernias cause no signs or symptoms.

But larger hiatal hernias can cause: Heartburn Regurgitation of food or liquids into the mouth Backflow of stomach acid into the esophagus acid reflux Difficulty swallowing.

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Classification[ edit ] Schematic diagram of different types of hiatus hernia. Green is the esophagus, red is the stomach, purple is the diaphragm, blue is the HIS-angle. A is the normal anatomy, B is a pre-stage, C is a sliding hiatal hernia, and D is a paraesophageal rolling type. Four types of esophageal hiatal hernia are identified: [8] Type I: A type I hernia, also known as a sliding hiatal hernia, occurs when part of the stomach slides up through the hiatal opening in the diaphragm. The clinical significance of type I hernias is in their association with reflux disease. The gastric fundus then serves as the leading point of herniation. Although type II hernias are associated with reflux disease, their primary clinical significance lies in the potential for mechanical complications.

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