Overview[ edit ] After being privatised in , Jaguar had been developing a smaller saloon to complement the XJ6 by the early s, but these plans were axed following its takeover by Ford in , only to resurface within a few years. It was aimed at buyers of cars including the BMW 5 Series. The traditional leaping jaguar hood ornament was optional even though it is approved by the US and EU standards and breaks away in the case of an accident. In Australia, the "jag" bonnet ornament did not become available until
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History[ edit ] The Jaguar Mark 2 was introduced in and sold throughout most of the s. It had a live rear axle and was powered by the XK six-cylinder engine first used in the Jaguar XK of In the Mark 2 the engine was available in 2. In Jaguar launched two new models. The other new car for was the Jaguar E-Type sports car, which shared the same 3. Having released the Mark X with its many technical refinements, Jaguar boss Sir William Lyons expected the Mark 2 would need updating with similar features if it was to retain its place in the market.
The S-Type was a major redevelopment of the Mark 2. The S-Type was available with either 3. Although the Mark X was selling less well than hoped, especially in its intended market of the U. The Mark X was renamed "G" in and was joined by another new model, the 4. The was developed to replace the S-Type but because some demand remained for the S-Type, all four saloon models Mark 2, S-Type, and G remained on sale until the arrival of the Jaguar XJ6 in The XJ6 replaced all but the G in the Jaguar range.
Engines[ edit ] No new engines were developed for the S-Type. The 3. The lower powered 3. It was released a few months after the 3.
Whereas the 3. The Burman power steering system in the Mark 2, with its 4. In the S-Type it was replaced by a higher-geared Burman unit of 3. Separate control of ventilation direction was provided for both driver and front seat passenger. Warm air could also be directed to the rear passengers through an outlet situated on the propeller shaft tunnel cover between the two front seats. Suspension[ edit ] A key element of the Mark X that Jaguar wanted to include in the S-Type was its sophisticated, and by then widely acclaimed, Jaguar independent rear suspension.
The suspension was a revelation at the time of its introduction, and remained the benchmark against which others were judged until the s. Essentially a double wishbone setup, it uses the driveshaft as the upper wishbone.
It carries the drive, braking, suspension and damping units in a single fabricated steel crossbridge , which is isolated from the bodyshell by rubber blocks. The S-Type used the same subframe mounted, coil sprung , twin wishbone front suspension as the Mark 2. The S-Type was given extended rear bodywork similar to that on the Mark X, which also gave it a much larger boot than the Mark 2.
Relatively minor changes were made to the frontal styling of the car in an attempt to balance the longer rear styling, but the overall effect at the front was still very rounded. The only change made to the center section was to flatten and extend the rear roof line, which made the car look larger and helped to give rear seat passengers slightly more headroom. The styling of the S-Type was regarded by many of those who worked on it as being not altogether successful.
The mismatch between the horizontal lines of its rear styling and the rounded front was least flattering when viewing the car from the front quarter. This ref. People like myself had to take the stick for producing such an abomination! It seemed an odd-looking vehicle. Nevertheless, the did "finish the job" in a styling sense by adding to the car a squarer, four-headlamp front end more like that of the Mark X.
Structural changes at the front were minimal and no changes at all were made to the inner scuttle, windscreen or dashboard structure.
Changes to the rear seat accommodation gave the impression of far greater room than in the rear of a Mark 2 and changes to the front of the cabin also gave the impression of greater luxury. Interior of a car Performance[ edit ] A contemporary road test by Autosport magazine   was typical in describing the "on paper" performance of the 3.
Other benefits ascribed to the rear suspension were better traction and a much smoother ride for rear seat passengers. Car and Driver  concluded its test report on a 3. The latter two classifications come particularly clear to anyone who spends much time with the car in the wet, when the sure-footedness of its all independent suspension and the Dunlop RS-5 tires makes its responsive handling an absolute revelation.
The S-Type represents a great step forward for what has always been a fine automobile. Recorded performance figures obviously differed between testers and gearbox options but for the purposes of comparison, the following contemporary data are typical: 3.
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