Yashika Kant Hindi literature is incomplete without Munshi Premchand. Premchand, the pen name adopted by the Hindi novelist, Dhanpat Rai Srivastav, has written nearly short stories and dozen novels. In his early short stories, he depicted the patriotic upsurge that was sweeping Hindustan. His collection of patriotic stories, Soz-e-Watan, was published in and attracted the attention of British government. In , Premchand switched over to Hindi, by then he was an established Urdu writer. Short stories or afsanas were started by Premchand.
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Most of his childhood was spent in Lamahi. At the age of seven, he started attending a madrasa in Lalpur, near his village Lamahi, where he learnt Urdu and Persian from a Maulvi. Thereafter, he was raised by his grandmother who also died soon.
After the demise of his mother and grandmother, Premchand became an isolated and lonely child; as his father was a busy man, and his elder sister had already been married. Soon, his father received a transfer order and moved to Gorakhpur where he got remarried.
He went on to read several works of fiction in English, especially George W. Premchand was the fourth born child to his parents. Apart from Suggi Rai, he had two more sisters who died as infants. His first marriage, which was arranged by his maternal grandfather, took place when he was 15 years old and was studying in 9th standard at the Queens College in Benares in ; the bride was from a rich landlord family and was older than Premchand.
Reportedly, it was not a happy marriage, and they often had quarrels over frugal family issues. It is believed that Premchand never tried to brought her back to his home. When he got remarried to a child widow named Shivarani Devi in , the contemporary conservative society condemned this act; as getting married to a widow was a social stigma at that time. His other assignment as a teacher was in when he became an assistant teacher at the Government District School in Bahraich, Uttar Pradesh on a monthly salary of Rs.
A plaque commemorating Munshi Premchand at the hut where he resided in Gorakhpur He quit his teaching job in ; after attending a meeting of Mahatma Gandhi held on 8 February , where Gandhi had summoned all government employees to relinquish their jobs to participate in the non-cooperation movement.
In this novel, he exposed corruption among the temple priests and the sexual exploitation of poor women. Soz-e-Watan By Premchand During his four-year stay at Kanpur , he extensively published many articles and stories in the Urdu magazine, Zamana. Seva Sadan was originally written in Urdu titled Bazaar-e-Husn. Mansarovar is considered one of his most popular story collections. Meanwhile, he also worked as the headmaster of the Kashi Vidyapeeth.
After arriving in Bombay on 31 May , Ajanta Cinetop a production company gave him a scriptwriting job on an annual salary of Rs.
However, due to the objections from the elite business class in Bombay, the film was banned; as they factory owners in Bombay believed that the narrative of the film was against the business class, and it could incite the labour class to stand up against them. Notable Works Seva Sadan published in Nirmala published in
Munshi Premchand Wiki, Age, Death, Caste, Wife, Children, Family, Biography & More
अनाथ लड़की – मुंशी प्रेमचंद की कहानी | Munshi Premchand Story in Hindi
11 Short Stories by Munshi Premchand You Must Read
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